PHP’s mail() function

Posted on Updated on

Image result for PHP’sIs it an alternative to PHP’s mail() function?

In most cases, it’s an alternative to PHP’s mail() function, but there are many other cases where the mail() function is simply not flexible enough to achieve what you need.

First of all, PHPMailer provides an object oriented interface, whereas mail() is not object oriented. PHP developers generally hate to create $headers strings while sending emails using the mail() function because they require a lot of escaping – PHPMailer makes this a breeze. Developers also need to write dirty code (escaping characters, encoding and formatting) to send attachments and HTML based emails when using the mail() function whereas PHPMailer makes this painless.

Also, the mail() function requires a local mail server to send out emails. PHPMailer can use a non-local mail server (SMTP) if you have authentication.

Further advantages include:

  • It can print various kinds of errors messages in more than 40 languages when it fails to send an email
  • Integrated SMTP protocol support and authentication over SSL and TLS
  • Can send alternative plaintext version of email for non-HTML email clients
  • Very active developer community which keeps it secure and up to date

PHP Mailer is also used by popular PHP content management systems like WordPress, Drupal, Joomla etc.

Installing PHPMailer

You can install PHPMailer using Composer:

composer require phpmailer/phpmailer

Sending Email from Local Web Server using PHPMailer

Here is the simplest example of sending an email from a local web server using PHPMailer

<?php

require_once”vendor/autoload.php”;

//PHPMailer Object

$mail=newPHPMailer;

//From email address and name

$mail->From=”from@yourdomain.com”;

$mail->FromName=”Full Name”;

//To address and name

$mail->addAddress(“recepient1@example.com”,”Recepient Name”);

$mail->addAddress(“recepient1@example.com”);//Recipient name is optional

//Address to which recipient will reply

$mail->addReplyTo(“reply@yourdomain.com”,”Reply”);

//CC and BCC

$mail->addCC(“cc@example.com”);

$mail->addBCC(“bcc@example.com”);

//Send HTML or Plain Text email

$mail->isHTML(true);

$mail->Subject=”Subject Text”;

$mail->Body=”<i>Mail body in HTML</i>”;

$mail->AltBody=”This is the plain text version of the email content”;

if(!$mail->send())

{

echo”Mailer Error: “.$mail->ErrorInfo;

}

else

{

echo”Message has been sent successfully”;

}

The code and comments should be sufficiently clear to explain everything that’s going on.

Sending an E-Mail with Attachments

Let’s see an example on how to send an email with attachments using PHPMailer.

<?php

require_once”vendor/autoload.php”;

$mail=newPHPMailer;

$mail->From=”from@yourdomain.com”;

$mail->FromName=”Full Name”;

$mail->addAddress(“recipient1@example.com”,”Recipient Name”);

//Provide file path and name of the attachments

$mail->addAttachment(“file.txt”,”File.txt”);

$mail->addAttachment(“images/profile.png”);//Filename is optional

$mail->isHTML(true);

$mail->Subject=”Subject Text”;

$mail->Body=”<i>Mail body in HTML</i>”;

$mail->AltBody=”This is the plain text version of the email content”;

if(!$mail->send())

{

echo”Mailer Error: “.$mail->ErrorInfo;

}

else

{

echo”Message has been sent successfully”;

}

Here we are attaching two files i.e., file.txt which resides in the same directory as the script and images/profile.pngwhich resides in images directory of the script directory.

To add attachments to the email we just need to call the function addAttachment of the PHPMailer object by passing the file path as argument. For attaching multiple files we need to call it multiple times.

Using SMTP

You can use the mail server of an another host to send email, but for this you first need to have authentication. For example: to send an email from Gmail’s mail server you need to have a Gmail account.

SMTP is a protocol used by mail clients to send an email send request to a mail server. Once the mail server verifies the email it sends it to the destination mail server.

Here is an example of sending an email from Gmail’s mail server from your domain. You don’t need a local mail server to run the code. We will be using the SMTP protocol:

<?php

require_once”vendor/autoload.php”;

$mail=newPHPMailer;

//Enable SMTP debugging.

$mail->SMTPDebug=3;

//Set PHPMailer to use SMTP.

$mail->isSMTP();

//Set SMTP host name

$mail->Host=”smtp.gmail.com”;

//Set this to true if SMTP host requires authentication to send email

$mail->SMTPAuth=true;

//Provide username and password

$mail->Username=”name@gmail.com”;

$mail->Password=”super_secret_password”;

//If SMTP requires TLS encryption then set it

$mail->SMTPSecure=”tls”;

//Set TCP port to connect to

$mail->Port=587;

$mail->From=”name@gmail.com”;

$mail->FromName=”Full Name”;

$mail->addAddress(“name@example.com”,”Recepient Name”);

$mail->isHTML(true);

$mail->Subject=”Subject Text”;

$mail->Body=”<i>Mail body in HTML</i>”;

$mail->AltBody=”This is the plain text version of the email content”;

if(!$mail->send())

{

echo”Mailer Error: “.$mail->ErrorInfo;

}

else

{

echo”Message has been sent successfully”;

}

Gmail requires TLS encryption over SMTP so we set it accordingly. Before you send via SMTP, you need to find out the host name, port number, encryption type if required and if authentication is required you also need the username and password. Note that having a two-factor authentication enabled on Gmail won’t let you use their SMTP with username/password – instead, additional configuration will be required.

One big advantage in using remote SMTP over local mail is that if you use PHP’s mail() function to send email with the from address domain set to anything other than the local domain name (name of the server), then the recipient’s email server’s attack filters will mark it as spam. For example, if you send an email from a server with actual host name example.com with the from address name@gmail.com to name@yahoo.com, then Yahoo’s servers will mark it as spam or display a message to the user not to trust the email because the mail’s origin is example.com and yet it presents itself as if coming from gmail.com. Although you own name@gmail.com, there is no way for Yahoo to find that out.

Retrieving E-Mails using POP3

PHPMailer also allows POP-before-SMTP verification to send emails. In other words, you can authenticate using POP and send email using SMTP. Sadly, PHPMailer doesn’t support retrieving emails from mail servers using the POP3 protocol. It’s limited to only sending emails.

Displaying Localized Error Messages

$mail->ErrorInfo can return error messages in 43 different languages.

To display error messages in a different language, copy the language directory from PHPMailer’s source code to the project directory.

To return error messages in, for example, Russian, set the PHPMailer object to the Russian language using the below method call:

$mail->setLanguage(“ru”);

You can also add your own language files to the language directory.

For more details and queries please feel free to email, visit or call us. Wishing you the very best for all your future endeavors.

Helpline: 9814666333, 8699444666

Email:info@technocampus.co.in

**************************************************************************************************************

Please fill the FORM and we shall contact you soon.

 

Advertisements

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s