PHP ─ Environment Setup

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  • A working PHP-supported database, if you plan to use one ( For example MySQL,Oracle etc. )

  • Any other supported software to which PHP must connect (mail server, BCMath package, JDK, and so forth)
  • An ANSI C compiler

Now here are the steps to install Apache and PHP5 on your Linux or Unix machine. If your PHP or Apache versions are different, then please take care accordingly.

  • If you haven’t already done so, unzip and untar your Apache source distribution.

Unless you have a reason to do otherwise, /usr/local is the standard place.

gunzip -c apache_1.3.x.tar.gz

tar -xvf apache_1.3.x.tar

  • Build the apache Server as follows

cd apache_1.3.x

./configure –prefix=/usr/local/apache –enable-so


make install

  • Unzip and untar your PHP source distribution. Unless you have a reason to do

otherwise, /usr/local is the standard place.

gunzip -c php-5.x.tar.gz

tar -xvf php-5.x.tar

cd php-5.x

  • Configure and Build your PHP, assuming you are using MySQL database.

./configure –with-apxs=/usr/sbin/apxs \



make install

  • Install the php.ini file. Edit this file to get configuration directives:

cd ../../php-5.x

cp php.ini-dist /usr/local/lib/php.ini

  • Tell your Apache server where you want to serve files from, and what extension(s) you want to identify PHP files. .phpis the standard, but you can use .html, .phtml, or whatever you want.

oGo to your HTTP configuration files (/usr/local/apache/conf or whatever your path is) oOpen httpd.conf with a text editor.


oSearch for the word DocumentRoot (which should appear twice), and change both paths to the directory you want to serve files out of (in our case, /home/httpd). We recommend a home directory rather than the default /usr/local/apache/htdocs because it is more secure, but it doesn’t have to be in a home directory. You will keep all your PHP files in this directory.

  • Add at least one PHP extension directive, as shown in the first line of code that

follows. In the second line, also added a second handler to have all HTML

files parsed as PHP

AddType application/x-httpd-php .php

AddType application/x-httpd-php .html

  • Restart your server. Every time you change your HTTP configuration or php.ini files,

you must stop and start your server again.

cd ../bin

./apachectl start

  • Set the document root directory permissions to world-executable. The actual PHP files in the directory need only be world-readable (644). If necessary, replace /home/httpd with your document root below:

chmod 755 /home/httpd/html/php

  • Open a text editor. Type: <?phpphpinfo(); ?>. Save this file in your Web server’s document root as info.php.
  • Start any Web browser and browse the file. You must always use an HTTP request

( or http://localhost/info.php or rather than a filename (/home/httpd/info.php) for the file to be parsed correctly.

For more details and queries please feel free to email, visit or call us. Wishing you the very best for all your future endeavors.

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